Blood screening to assess future risk of heart disease:
Researchers believe that a regular blood test already to detect the sudden onset of a heart attack in the emergency room, along with a statin prescription, can help in reducing the future risk of having a heart attack in patients who have no apparent signs.
Some people are most likely to suffer from a heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction. It is generally because of their lifestyle-related risk factors. Obese people, with a diet too rich in saturated fats, diabetics, sedentary, smokers are particularly the most concerned.
But this necrosis of a more or less significant part of the heart muscle can also affect patients who are not part of these populations. Tests such as measuring blood pressure or cholesterol levels help in determining this risk. But researchers wish to favor another screening method that claims to be more effective in identifying the people concerned: a simple blood test.
The latter can diagnose the future risk of a heart attack based on the level of troponin in the blood, a protein that enters into the constitution of muscle fibers and plays a role in their contraction. The troponin test is a blood test already performed in the emergency room when patients complain of chest pain. Its rate is high when the heart cells die.
Establish a diagnosis as soon as possible:
This examination can make it possible to rule out the immediate occurrence of myocardial infarction in favor of other cardiac pathologies. So it is vital to carry out a thorough blood test diagnosis as soon as possible to avoid any kind of severe consequences.
What is it about?
The determination of diseases of the heart or vessels often goes through blood tests. Many cardiovascular diseases cause changes in the metabolism that a blood test can detect. For example, during myocardial infarction, there is an increase in the concentration of Troponin, a regulatory protein, as well as the creatine kinase enzyme (Ck-MB); in case of heart failure, the “Brain Natriuretic Peptide” (BNP) level increases.
Process of a blood test:
Blood is drawn from the patient, who is then examined in the laboratory.
Duration of a blood test:
Many blood tests are done so quickly that in an emergency, you can get results after just a few minutes. At the doctor’s office, some blood tests must be sent to the laboratory, so it takes longer to get the final results.
Blood Tests for determining heart disease:
Blood and urine lab tests help to discover any kind of blood vessel or heart disease. The outcomes, alongside your well-being history, help your health care professionals to make the best health plan for you.
1. Total cholesterol (TC):
For what reason is the total cholesterol test significant?
- This test directly associates with your blood vessel or heart disease.
- The ideal cholesterol level of patients age 20 years or younger is 75-169 mg/dl.
- The ideal cholesterol level of patients age 21 years or older is 100-199 mg/dl.
- Your objective might be diverse, depending on your age and other risk factors.
2. Triglycerides (TG):
For what reason are the triglycerides test significant?
- This test also relates to the blood vessel and heart disease.
- A very high level of triglycerides that is greater than 500 to 100 mg/dl increases the risk of pancreatitis.
- People who are obese or diabetic are most likely to develop higher levels of triglycerides.
- Eating sugars and carbohydrates, consuming alcohol, and a high-fat diet can cause an increase in these levels.
- Exercise can help in lowering triglyceride levels.
- The main goal is to maintain a triglyceride level of less than 150mg/dl.
3. High-density lipoprotein (HDL):
For what reason is the high-thickness lipoprotein (HDL) test significant?
- High-density lipoprotein is also known as “good cholesterol.”
- Higher levels of this cholesterol reduce the risk of blood vessel and heart disease. The higher the level of HDL, the better for your heart health.
- The ideal level in Men is higher than 45 mg/dL.
- The ideal level in women is higher than 55 mg/dL.
4. Low-thickness lipoprotein (LDL):
For what reason is the low-thickness lipoprotein test significant?
- This low-thickness lipoprotein is also known as “bad cholesterol.”
- Higher levels of this bad cholesterol can cause an increase in the risk of blood and heart disease.
- Significant treatment focus patients, who are taking cholesterol-bringing lowering drugs.
- Less than 70 mg/dL is the ideal level in case you have a blood vessel or heart disease, diabetes, or considerable risk of any heart disease.
- Less than 100 mg/dL is the ideal level in case you have metabolic syndrome or more than one risk factor for coronary illness.
- Less than 130 mg/dL in case you have a generally low risk of heart disease.
5. Complete blood count with differential (CBC):
For what reason is a complete blood count with differential important?
- Blood tests are really important to get detailed information about your blood parts, such as platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells.
- Blood tests help to detect the diseases and identify their intensity (how terrible they are.
- It helps in detecting anemia (anemia is the low red blood cell count).
Normal ranges of parts of blood:
- White blood cells: 5000-10,000 is the normal range of white blood cells in the blood.
- Hematocrit: Hematocrit is the amount of blood that red blood cells make. The normal range of hematocrit in men is 40-55%, and in women is 36-48%.
- Hemoglobin: Hemoglobin is that portion of red blood cells that coveys oxygen. The normal range of hemoglobin in men is 14-18 gm/dL, and in women is 12-16 gm/dL.
6. Lipoprotein (LP):
For what reason is the lipoprotein (LP) test Important?
- Lipoprotein is a low-thickness lipoprotein (LDL) appended to a protein called known as APO.
- Significant levels of Lipoprotein increment your danger of stroke, narrowing of coronary arteries after angioplasty, fats development in veins after coronary artery bypass surgery, and a heart attack.
- High levels of lipoprotein in the blood tend to be genetic.
- Your doctor might ask you to get this test if you have a family history of coronary illness at an early age.
- In case that your level is high, your primary care physician will probably be forceful in dealing with your coronary illness hazard factors, particularly your LDL level.
- The perfect level of lipoprotein is less than 30 mg/dL.
7. Apoliprotein-B (ApoB):
For what reason is the Apoliprotein-B (ApoB) test significant?
- Apolipoprotein-B is an essential protein present in cholesterol.
- Studies show that Apolipoprotein-B might be superior in a general marker of risk than LDL.
- Significant levels of Apolipoprotein-B are an indication of little, dense LDLs.
- The perfect level of Apolipoprotein-B is less than 100 mg/dL.
8. Homocysteine (Hcy):
For what reason is the homocysteine (Hcy) test consequential?
- Homocysteine is an amino acid.
- Significant levels of Homo-cysteine increment the risk of the blood vessel and heart disease.
- Less than 10 umol/L is the ideal level of Homo-cysteine.
9. Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c):
For what reason is the hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) test Important?
- It is mainly for analyzing or for the diagnosis of diabetes.
- This test reflects normal glucose levels throughout the last 2-3 months.
- 5.6 Or lower is the ideal level of Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c).
- 5.7-6.4 is the ideal level of Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) for Prediabetes.
- 6.5 Or higher is the ideal level for diabetes.
- The objective of diabetic patients is less than 6.5-7.
10. Fasting glucose (also known as fasting blood sugar):
For what reason is the fasting glucose test significant?
- Higher levels of fasting glucose can be an indication that you have diabetes.
- Less than 100 mg/dL is the perfect level of fasting glucose.
- 110-125 mg/dL is the ideal level for Prediabetes.
- 126 mg/dL or higher on two different tests is suitable for diabetes.
For what reason is the insulin test significant?
- Insulin is a hormone that our pancreas produces for controlling blood sugar levels.
- Higher levels of insulin associates with diabetes, heart stroke, high cholesterol, obesity, blood vessel, and heart diseases.
- The normal range of insulin in the body is 1-24 U/ml.
12. Creatine Kinase (CK):
For what reason is the creatine kinase (CK) test significant?
- Creatine Kinase (CK) is a muscle enzyme.
- Medications for lowering cholesterol levels can cause an increase in the Creatine Kinase (CK) levels.
- The normal range of Creatine Kinase (CK) is 30-220 U/L.
13. Alanine Amino-Transferase (ALT) (also known as SGPT):
For what reason is the Alanine Amino-Transferase (ALT) test significant?
- Alanine Amino-Transferase (ALT) is a liver enzyme.
- Levels might get higher in case you take medicines to lower the cholesterol level.
- The normal range of Alanine Amino-Transferase (ALT) is 5-45 U/L.
14. Aspartate Trans-aminase (AST) (also known as SGOT):
For what reason is the Aspartate Trans-Aminase (AST) test significant?
- Aspartate Trans-aminase (AST) is also a liver enzyme.
- Just like others, its levels can get higher if you take cholesterol-lowering drugs.
- Normal range of Aspartate Trans-aminase (AST) is 7-40 U/L.
For what reason is the Fibrinogen test significant?
- Fibrinogen is a protein present in the blood.
- It enables blood to clot. However, excessive amounts can increase the risk of cardiovascular failure.
- The perfect range of Fibrinogen is less than 300 mg/dL.
16. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH):
For what reason is the Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test significant?
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) associates with the working of your thyroid.
- Perfect Range is 0.4-5.5 uU/mL.
For what reason is the MPO test significant?
- MPO demonstrates inflammation.
- Higher levels of MPO associates with a greater risk of stroke, heart attack, and the requirement for bypass surgery.
- Significant levels can likewise mean that your heart disease is deteriorating.
- On the off chance that your levels are high, your primary care physician will most likely be forceful to decrease your danger of cardiovascular issues.
- The perfect level of MPO is less than 350 mg/g.
18. Vitamin D:
For what reason is the Vitamin D test momentous?
- Vitamin D is a Fat-solvent nutrient.
- Vitamin D helps in controlling the calcium and phosphate levels in your body. Phosphate and Calcium keep the bones in good health.
- Low Vitamin D levels can cause various health risks. Low levels can likewise mean you are experiencing difficulty enduring a statin.
- The ideal range of Vitamin D is 31-80 mg/ml.
19. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO):
For what reason is the Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) test significant?
- Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) originates from bacteria/microscopic organisms in your gut.
- Significant levels are present in eggs, meat, and dairy nourishments.
- Taking L-carnitine, choline, lecithin, and different supplements can increment the levels of TMAO.
- Higher levels of Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) in the blood increases the danger of coronary illness, cardiovascular failure, stroke, and atherosclerosis.
- On the off chance that your levels are high, your primary care physician will probably be forceful to bring down your LDL and other hazard factors. He will tell you to take low-dose of aspirin two times every day. Moreover, you will have to follow a Mediterranean diet.
A single early blood test to identify the risk of a heart attack?
A patient arrives in the ER with chest pain. How do you know if he has a low or high risk of having a heart attack within hours? According to a recent study, a single early blood test would be enough to assess this risk. And, therefore, to better care for patients.
When an infarction is getting ready, there is a large amount of troponin in the blood. With a high sensitivity blood test, you can detect minimal amounts of troponin so that you can make a confirmation about the presence of any kind of heart disease.